Document Detail


Starting early: obesity prevention during infancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23128768     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Obesity prevalence among infants and young children has increased rapidly during the past 4 decades, a disturbing trend given early obesity's association with later life obesity and its comorbidities. Fortunately, infancy is a period of great behavioral and metabolic plasticity offering numerous targets for preventive interventions. Modifiable factors that may affect early rapid weight gain and obesity risk include infant sleep duration, feeding to soothe infant distress, and the introduction of solid foods and transitional feeding. We discuss evidence linking these factors to weight outcomes, as well as results from behavioral obesity interventions in infancy, from our laboratory and others'. For example, in a recent pilot intervention, we focused on helping new mothers address three areas of infant behavior hypothesized to affect weight gain and early obesity risk: infant sleeping, crying, and feeding. First-time mothers were randomly assigned to receive either a Soothe/Sleep intervention, an Introduction of Solids intervention, both interventions, or no interventions. The interventions were delivered via home visits and showed positive effects on infant behaviors and weight outcomes at 1 year. Based on evidence from such pilot interventions, we assess the plausibility of targeting behavioral factors in infancy and suggest next steps for early prevention research.
Authors:
Leann L Birch; Stephanie Anzman-Frasca; Ian M Paul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2012-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nestlé Nutrition Institute workshop series     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1664-2155     ISO Abbreviation:  Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-06     Completed Date:  2013-04-22     Revised Date:  2013-07-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101577268     Medline TA:  Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Nestec Ltd., Vevey/S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Center for Childhood Obesity Research, Noll Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, Hershey, PA 16802, USA. llb15@psu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Feeding Behavior*
Female
Health Behavior*
Humans
Infant
Infant Care / methods*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Intervention Studies
Male
Obesity / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*
Pilot Projects
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Sleep / physiology
Weight Gain / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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