Document Detail

Starfish ApDOCK protein essentially functions in larval defense system operated by mesenchyme cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22801573     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In larvae of the starfish, Asterina pectinifera, mesenchyme cells operate in the defense system through various behaviors. We have investigated mesenchyme cell dynamics during the immune response by identifying ApDOCK, a new member of the DOCK180 superfamily protein. In 4-day-old bipinnaria larvae processed for morpholino oligonucleotide-mediated knockdown of ApDOCK, injection of inorganic foreign substances revealed that (1) mesenchyme cells fail to undergo either directed migration toward a large oil-droplet or persistent spreading on the oil-droplet after contact; (2) neither uptake of micro-beads nor cell-to-cell fusion on the large oil-droplet differed from that of mesenchyme cells from control larvae. Similar behaviors were also recorded in experiments where bacteria were injected. Under culture conditions, the expression level of ApDOCK mRNA was significantly associated with the immunological behavior of mesenchyme cells. Apparently, the mesenchyme cells from ApDOCK loss-of-function larvae exhibited insufficient lamellipodium formation via lack of fibrous form of actin organization at the leading edge. These results suggest that the migratory congregation and persistence of encapsulation of larval mesenchyme cells are intracellularly regulated by ApDOCK protein, and this regulation is associated with organization of cytoskeletal actin.Immunology and Cell Biology advance online publication, 17 July 2012; doi:10.1038/icb.2012.37.
Ryohei Furukawa; Hiromi Funabashi; Midori Matsumoto; Hiroyuki Kaneko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Immunology and cell biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1711     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706300     Medline TA:  Immunol Cell Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1] Department of Biology, Research and Education Center for Natural Sciences, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan [2] Center for Chemical Biology, School of Fundamental Science and Technology, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Keio University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.
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