Document Detail


Stand and be counted: the neo-Darwinian synthesis and the ascension of bipedalism as an essential hominid synapomorphy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23272599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Since its inception in the early- to middle-nineteenth century, human origins studies have been informed by a variety of disciplines beyond physical anthropology and archaeology, most notably geology and biology. This study examines dramatic changes within human origins research that occurred in the mid-twentieth century largely as a consequence of the dissemination of the neo-Darwinian synthesis from biology (sensu lato) into the new" physical anthropology. This paradigm shift resulted in foregrounding evolution as a process affecting variable populations over exercises in typological classification. It led to the acknowledgement of bipedalism as the earliest hominidi adaptation, preceding other important changes in morphology (e.g., increased encephalization quotient) and behavior (e.g., stone tool manufacture and use). An important corollary of the recognition of a bipedal ape phase in our ancestry was the decoupling of the grade category "human" from the phylogenetic term "hominid".
Authors:
Tom Gundling
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  History and philosophy of the life sciences     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0391-9714     ISO Abbreviation:  Hist Philos Life Sci     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003052     Medline TA:  Hist Philos Life Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-210     Citation Subset:  IM; QIS    
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, William Paterson University, 300 Pompton Road, Wayne, NJ 07470, USA.
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