Document Detail


Stages of change and the intake of dietary fat in African-American women: improving stage assignment using the Eating Styles Questionnaire.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10570676     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm for determining the stage of change for dietary fat intake in African-American women. DESIGN: We examined the relationships between stage of change, dietary fat intake, and associated eating behaviors and developed an assessment tool for placing subjects in their appropriate stage of change. SUBJECTS: Working class and middle-income African-American women in Nashville, Tenn; 174 in study 1 and 208 in study 2. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Fat and fiber intake by stage of change was examined using multivariate analysis of variance. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed using Ward's method. RESULTS: A significant difference in fat intake was noted between women trying to change their intake and those not trying to change in study 1 (P < .001) and study 2 (P < .03). Of those trying to change, only 34% (study 1) and 9% (study 2) of subjects reported fat intakes below the Healthy People 2000 goal of 30% of energy from fat. In study 1, cluster analysis identified 14 groups of foods that significantly separated subjects into not trying, noncompliant, and compliant categories. Compliant subjects ate out less; ate fewer snack foods and less chicken, meat, and fat; and ate more fruits, vegetables, breakfast foods, and low-fat products. These results led to development of the Eating Styles Questionnaire (study 2), which facilitated more appropriate placement of the noncompliant group in stages of change for dietary fat intake. APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: These data support the stage construct of the Transtheoretical Model for dietary fat reduction in African-American women. Moreover, the Eating Styles Questionnaire (ESQ) can improve determination of stage of change for this group of women. The ESQ can be used to diagnose the eating styles that contribute to a high-fat intake and help in the design of interventions to lower fat intakes.
Authors:
M K Hargreaves; D G Schlundt; M S Buchowski; R E Hardy; S R Rossi; J S Rossi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  99     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-12-08     Completed Date:  1999-12-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1392-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Drew-Meharry-Morehouse Consortium Cancer Center, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tenn. 37208, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
African Americans* / psychology
Algorithms
Cluster Analysis
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
Eating / psychology*
Educational Status
Feeding Behavior / psychology*
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Models, Biological
Multivariate Analysis
Questionnaires*
Social Class
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5P30CA49095-09/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P60 DK20593/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats

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