Document Detail


Staged endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms limits incidence and severity of spinal cord ischemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25449006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Neurologic dysfunction remains a persistent complication of extensive aortic repair owing to disruption of the spinal collateral network. We hypothesized that staged repair might mitigate the incidence and severity of this spinal cord ischemia (SCI).
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing a Crawford type II repair of a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm between January 2008 and July 2013. Baseline demographics, incidence of prior aortic surgery, comorbidities, and outcomes were prospectively recorded. Staged repair was defined as intentional completion of the endovascular repair as two temporally separate procedures, referred to as a two-stage repair. Extent of aortic cover was calculated by three-dimensional imaging and reported as the proportion of the aorta covered between the left subclavian artery and the aortic bifurcation. Primary outcome measures were incidence and severity of SCI and mortality.
RESULTS: The study included 87 patients, divided into the following subgroups: single-stage repair (n = 32; repair in a single procedure, without prior aortic surgery), two-stage repair (n = 27; repair in two separate procedures, without prior aortic surgery), and unintentionally staged repair (n = 28; those with prior aortic surgery, without an intention to stage). Median time between stages was 5 months (range, 1-60 months). All groups were equivalent in terms of demographics and risk factors; however, the staged group had significantly greater proximal aortic cover (P = .001). The overall rates of SCI in the nonstaged and staged groups were 37.5% (12 of 32) and 11.1% (3 of 27), respectively (P = .03). Furthermore, all neurologic injuries in the staged group were temporary. The 30-day survival in the single-stage, two-stage, and unintentionally staged repairs was 18.8%, 0%, and 10.7%, respectively (P = .52).
CONCLUSIONS: Staged repair appears both to protect against SCI and to enhance overall survival in extensive aortic repair.
Authors:
Adrian O'Callaghan; Tara M Mastracci; Matthew J Eagleton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6809     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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