Document Detail

Stage-specific treatment for testicular germ cell tumours
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19252891     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Testicular germ cell tumours (GCT) represent the most common solid neoplasm of young men aged 20-40 years with an increasing incidence in Western countries during the last 50 years. It is mandatory for all physicians involved in the primary care of testis cancer patients to adhere to the guidelines of stage-specific treatment in order not to impair the high cure rate of about 90% and to prevent long-term toxicities due to inadequate therapy.Risk-adapted therapeutic options in stage I seminoma include active surveillance, retroperitoneal radiation therapy (RT) with 20 Gy or carboplatinum monotherapy depending on the presence of the risk factors tumour size > 4 cm and rete testis invasion. Retroperitoneal RT represents the standard therapeutic approach in stage IIA seminoma, whereas RT and PEB chemotherapy are alternative treatment options in stage IIB tumours. Primary chemotherapy with 3-4 cycles PEB according to the IGCCCG criteria is the treatment of choice in metastatic seminomas >/= stage IIC. In clinical stage I NSGCT active surveillance is the treatment of choice in low-risk patients, and primary chemotherapy with 1-2 cycles PEB is the preferred treatment for high-risk patients.Treatment of metastatic GCT is performed with 3-4 cycles PEB chemotherapy and postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) in cases of residual disease according to the IGCCCG risk classification. PC-RPLND is best performed in experienced centres due to the complex nature of surgery and the necessity for adjunctive surgery in 25% of the patients. PC-RPLND, primary treatment of patients with intermediate and poor prognosis and salvage therapy should be performed in tertiary referral centres only.
A Heidenreich; C Bokemeyer; R Souchon
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Der Urologe. Ausg. A     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1433-0563     ISO Abbreviation:  Urologe A     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-08     Completed Date:  2009-09-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1304110     Medline TA:  Urologe A     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  ger     Pagination:  377-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie, Universitätsklinikum der RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, 52074, Aachen, Deutschland.
Vernacular Title:
Stadienspezifische Therapie testikulärer Keimzelltumoren.
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MeSH Terms
Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
Combined Modality Therapy / standards
Medical Oncology / standards
Neoplasm Staging
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / pathology*,  therapy*
Orchiectomy / methods*,  standards
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Testicular Neoplasms / pathology*,  therapy*
Urology / standards
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antineoplastic Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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