Document Detail

Stage I intraoral food transport: Effects of food consistency and initial bolus size.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24606909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: We examined the temporospatial characteristics of stage I oral food transport, in which a piece of solid food is moved from the anterior oral cavity to the postcanine region for chewing. Anteroposterior transport is accomplished by carrying food posteriorly on the surface of the tongue, in contrast to the squeeze-back mechanism of stage II transport from the oral cavity to the pharynx.
DESIGN: There were two experiments (Exp1 and Exp2): In Exp1, Twelve healthy young adults ate 2g, 4g, 6g, 8g 12g initial bolus sizes of banana and cookie; in Exp2, fourteen similar subjects ate 6g of banana and cookie with and without radiopaque tongue surface makers. Motions were recorded with videofluorography in lateral projection.
RESULTS: Stage I transport duration was longer for cookie than banana (P≤.025), but there were no significant durational differences among initial bolus sizes. With cookie, tongue pullback was more frequent for small (2g and 4g) than large (12g) bolus sizes (P≤.048). With banana, however, the frequency of pullback was independent of initial bolus size. Kinematic analysis of tongue pullback revealed that the lower jaw opened as the tongue and hyoid bone moved both posteriorly and inferiorly; the magnitude of these displacements did not vary significantly between banana and cookie.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that stage I transport is a complex behaviour involving posterior and inferior displacement of the tongue, jaw and hyoid bone. Its frequency of occurrence is related to initial bolus size and consistency, but the magnitude of displacement is relatively constant.
Shinya Mikushi; Sosuke Seki; Martin B Brodsky; Koichiro Matsuo; Jeffrey B Palmer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-01-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of oral biology     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1879-1506     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Oral Biol.     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-03-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0116711     Medline TA:  Arch Oral Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  379-85     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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