Document Detail


Stabilization and mobility of the head and trunk in vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) during treadmill walks and gallops.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15557028     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The brain requires internal or external reference frames to determine body orientation in space. These frames may change, however, to meet changing conditions. During quadrupedal overground locomotion by monkeys, the head rotates on a stabilized trunk during walking, but the trunk rotates on a stabilized head during galloping. Do the same movement patterns occur during in-place locomotion? Head and trunk pitch rotations were measured, and yaw and roll rotations estimated from cine films of three adult vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops L. 1758) walking and galloping quadrupedally on a treadmill. Head and trunk rotational patterns during treadmill walks were comparable to the patterns found during overground walks. The rotational velocities of these segments during both treadmill walks and gallops were also comparable to the velocities found during natural locomotion. By contrast, whereas head and trunk rotational patterns during treadmill gallops did occur that were comparable to the patterns practiced during overground gallops, a significantly different pattern involving large and simultaneous head and trunk rotations was more commonly observed. Simultaneous head and trunk rotations may be possible during treadmill gallops because the fixed visual surround is providing an adequate spatial reference frame. Alternatively, or in addition to this visual information, a re-weighting in other sensory modalities may be occurring. Specifically, the vestibular inputs used during overground locomotion to reference gravity or a gravity-derived vector may become less important than proprioceptive inputs that are using the treadmill belt surface as a reference. Regardless, the spatial reference frame being used, blinks that occur at specific times during the largest head yaw rotations may be necessary to avoid the initiation of unwanted and potentially destabilizing lateral sway brought on by sudden increases in optic flow velocity.
Authors:
Donald C Dunbar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  207     ISSN:  0022-0949     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-23     Completed Date:  2005-03-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4427-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anatomy and Caribbean Primate Research Center, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, PO Box 365067, San Juan, PR. ddunbar@rcm.upr.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Biomechanics
Blinking / physiology
Cercopithecus aethiops / physiology*
Gait*
Head / physiology
Locomotion / physiology*
Motion Pictures as Topic
Orientation / physiology*
Posture / physiology*
Rotation
Visual Perception / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
RR-03051/RR/NCRR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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