Document Detail


Stability of patterns of behavior in the butterfly technique of the elite swimmers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24149384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to find patterns in the butterfly swimming technique, with an adaptation of the Behavioral Observation System Tech. This, as an instrument for ad-hoc qualitative analysis, enables the study of the stability of the technical implementation. When used in the training of swimmers, analysis can reduce the variability of behavioral tuning swimming technique. Through the analysis of temporal patterns (T-pattern) and a sequence of five cycles running at hand maximum speed, the behavior of four technical Portuguese elite swimmers, with a record of 259 alphanumeric codes and a total of 160 configurations, were studied. The structure of the original instrument, based on a mixed system of categories and formats Field, can record technical features, observed during the execution of hand cycles. The validity was ensured through the index of intra-observer reliability (95%) and inter-observer accuracy (96%). To detect patterns in each swimmer, the Theme 5.0 software was used, which allowed to identify the stable structures of technical performance within a critical interval of time (p <0.05) - t-patterns. The patterns were different, adjusting to the characteristics of technical implementation of the swimmers. It was found that the swimmer can create settings with different levels of structure complexity, depending on the implementation of changes within the hand cycle. Variations of codes in each configuration obtained using the SOCTM, allowed determining the differences between swimmers. However, the records showed a clear behavioral similarity when comparing the result with a general pattern of the butterfly technique. The potential quality of this instrument seems to be important due to the patterns obtained from a temporal sequence. Key pointsThe patterns were different, adjusting to the characteristics of technical implementation of the swimmers.The swimmer can make settings with different levels of structure complexity, depending on the implementation of changes within the hand cycle.Variations of codes in each configuration obtained using the SOCTM, allowed determining the differences between swimmers.The records showed a clear behavioral similarity when comparing the result with a general pattern of the butterfly technique.The potential quality of this instrument seems to be important due to the patterns obtained from a temporal sequence.
Authors:
Hugo Louro; António J Silva; Teresa Anguera; Daniel A Marinho; Conceição Oliveira; Ana Conceição; Jorge Campaniço
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sports science & medicine     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1303-2968     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Sci Med     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-23     Completed Date:  2013-10-23     Revised Date:  2014-01-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101174629     Medline TA:  J Sports Sci Med     Country:  Turkey    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  36-50     Citation Subset:  -    
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