Document Detail

Stability of kyphosis, strength, and physical performance gains 1 year after a group exercise program in community-dwelling hyperkyphotic older women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19236993     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine if subjects maintained improvements in kyphosis, spinal extensor strength, and physical performance 1 year after a 12-week multidimensional group exercise program.
DESIGN: Follow-up data compared with posttest outcome measures.
SETTING: Outpatient academic medical center.
PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen of the initial 21 women, ages 65 to 80, with thoracic kyphosis of 50 degrees or greater at the onset of the study completed follow-up testing.
INTERVENTIONS: Initial intervention included multidimensional group exercise performed 2 times a week for 12 weeks, consisting of spinal extensor strengthening, flexibility exercises, and integrated spinal proprioception training. Subjects exercised independently during the following year.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary measures at the 1-year follow-up were usual and best kyphosis. Secondary measures included spinal extensor strength, modified Physical Performance Test (PPT), and the Jug Test.
RESULTS: Subjects maintained gains at the 1-year follow-up (P>.05). Best kyphosis improved by 3 degrees during the follow-up year (P=.022). There were no significant declines in usual kyphosis (P=.302), spinal extensor strength (P=.999), PPT (P=.087), and the Jug Test (P=.999) at follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Hyperkyphotic women maintained gains in usual kyphosis, spinal extensor strength, and physical performance 1 year after a group exercise program. Improvement in best kyphosis in the year after the intervention was also observed. Detraining effects may be minimized by multidimensional exercises.
Sarah B Pawlowsky; Kate A Hamel; Wendy B Katzman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1532-821X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-24     Completed Date:  2009-03-25     Revised Date:  2013-11-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985158R     Medline TA:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  358-61     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living
Aged, 80 and over
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Kyphosis / rehabilitation*
Residence Characteristics
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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