Document Detail


Spread of introgressed insect-resistance genes in wild populations of Brassica juncea: a simulated in-vivo approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23250587     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introgression between transgenic, insect-resistant crops and their wild relatives could lead to a progressive increase of the frequency of resistant plants in wild populations. However, few studies help predict the impact on the population dynamics. To simulate the performance of introgressed insect-resistant plants of wild Brassica juncea, independently from the interspecific hybridization cost, healthy plants were cultivated in pure and mixed stands with damaged plants through cutting leaves in field experiments over two field seasons. As expected, resistant (healthy) plants held a competitive advantage when in competition with susceptible (damaged) plants. Individual biomass and seed production of both types of plants decreased as the percentage of resistant plants increased, so that the relative advantage of resistant plants increased. The combined effects of defoliation and competition on the individual performance of B. juncea were additive. Replacement series experiments confirmed this trend but did not show different seed output in pure stand of susceptible versus resistant plots. The total vegetative and reproductive production of mixed populations was not significantly different of that of pure populations. These results suggest that if a transgene for insect-resistance were to colonize wild populations, high herbivory of susceptible plant and low resource availability would facilitate the spread of resistant individuals. However, at the population level, the shift from an insect-susceptible to a predominantly resistant population would not result in exacerbated habitat colonization.
Authors:
Yongbo Liu; Wei Wei; Keping Ma; Henri Darmency
Related Documents :
20151457 - Plant-insect interactions: what can we learn from plant lectins?
23443097 - Muscodor albus volatiles control toxigenic fungi under controlled atmosphere (ca) stora...
23812277 - Colonization of alcaligenes faecalis strain jbw4 in natural soils and its detoxificatio...
23983507 - Essential oil prepared from cymbopogon citrates exerted an antimicrobial activity again...
22284257 - Emergency visits and hospital admissions in aged people living close to a gas-fired pow...
25438787 - Trichoderma genes in plants for stress tolerance- status and prospects.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transgenic research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-9368     ISO Abbreviation:  Transgenic Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9209120     Medline TA:  Transgenic Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
State key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, 100012, Beijing, China.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Comparative Analysis of Allergic Rhinitis in Children and Adults.
Next Document:  Interstitial telomeric repeats are enriched in the centromeres of chromosomes in Solanum species.