Document Detail


Spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamase genes of blaOXA-10, blaPER-1 and blaCTX-M in Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from burn patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24767142     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is resistant to many antibiotics due to production of different classes of extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). Prevalence of ESBLs among P. aeruginosa has been increased in recent years, demonstrate a serious health problem especially in burn units worldwide.
OBJECTIVE: Present study was designed to determine the ESBL producing strains and identify the genes encoding three different ESBLs of bla PER-1, bla OXA-10 and bla CTX-M genes in P. aeruginosa isolates from burn patients.
METHODS: In total 185 clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were collected from infectious wounds of hospitalized burn patients. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and phenotypic detection of ESBL were performed by disk diffusion method and Double disk Synergy Test (DDST). Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was done for detection of bla OXA-10, bla PER-1 and bla CTX-M ESBL encoding genes.
RESULTS: In total, 176 (95.13%) isolates were multidrug resistant. The DDST demonstrated 96 (51.9%) isolates as putative ESBL producers with 100% or highly resistance to ofloxacin, cephalexin, aztreonam (97.57%) and ceftriaxone (91.6%). By PCR amplification, bla PER-1, bla OXA-10 and bla CTX-M genes were detected in 52 (54.16%), 66 (68.75%) and 1 (1.04%) isolates of ESBL producers respectively. Forty-three isolates (44.79%) were simultaneously positive for both bla OXA-10 and bla PER-1 related genes.
CONCLUSION: The rate of ESBL producing P. aeruginosa was notable in present study. Since there are only limited effective antibiotics against the bacterium, therefore all isolates must be investigated by antimicrobial susceptibility testing, which limits resistance development in burn units and helps the management of treatment strategy.
Authors:
Zahra Farshadzadeh; Azar Dokht Khosravi; Seyed Mohammad Alavi; Najmeh Parhizgari; Hajar Hoveizavi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1409     ISO Abbreviation:  Burns     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8913178     Medline TA:  Burns     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Long term sensory function after minor partial thickness burn: A pilot study to determine if recover...
Next Document:  Determination of extended spectrum beta-lactamases, metallo-beta-lactamases and AmpC-beta-lactamases...