Document Detail


Sport is not always healthy: Executive brain dysfunction in professional boxers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20030763     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We measured ERPs of professional boxers in a Go/No-Go task, comparing them to fencers and non-athletes. Results showed that fencing improved attention and motor response control, but boxing did not. More strikingly, in boxers, as in brain trauma patients, the P3 component was delayed and reduced. The P3 delay of boxers was correlated with the amount of performed sport exercise. Furthermore, in terms of behavior, boxers showed increased intra-individual variability and switch cost. Results were consistent with the hypothesis of specific impairment at the level of response inhibition processing. We suggest that this impairment is derived from the cumulative effect of blows to the head. The changes found in boxers suggest that ERPs and reaction times may be a tool for early detection of specific brain dysfunction.
Authors:
Francesco Di Russo; Donatella Spinelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-12-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychophysiology     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1540-5958     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychophysiology     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-26     Completed Date:  2010-07-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0142657     Medline TA:  Psychophysiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  425-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Education Sciences for Motor Activity and Sport, University of Rome Foro Italico, 00194 Rome, Italy. francesco.dirusso@iusm.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Boxing / physiology*,  psychology*
Brain Damage, Chronic / etiology,  physiopathology*,  psychology*
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Discrimination (Psychology) / physiology
Electroencephalography
Evoked Potentials
Executive Function / physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Photic Stimulation
Prefrontal Cortex / physiopathology
Reaction Time

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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