Document Detail


Sport and exercise headache: Part 2. Diagnosis and classification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7921916     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A group of 129 subjects (67 men and 62 women) experiencing sports headache was established using a questionnaire. A wide range of information was gathered, focusing on the mode of onset, time course, characteristic features and associated symptoms of sports-related headache. Criteria for the varieties of sports headaches were established using head trauma and then migraine to divide subgroups of sports headaches. Cases were classified into four categories: effort migraine, trauma-triggered migraine, effort-exertion headache, and post-traumatic headache. The percentages of each sports-related headache found were: effort migraine 9%, trauma-triggered migraine 6%, effort-exertion headache 60%, post-traumatic headache 22% and miscellaneous 3%. Sports migraine accounted for 15% of the total sports headache sample. Effort-exertion headache was the most common type of sports headache. Although effort-exertion headache could be separated into subjects who had an acute severe headache induced by anaerobic exercise (exertion headache) from those having a substantial headache lasting hours initiated by aerobic exercise (effort headache), most subjects with effort-exertion headache in this study appeared not to fall into any discrete subgroups. Trauma-related headaches were experienced mainly by men in contact sports, while women more commonly had non-trauma-related headache in running and jogging.
Authors:
S J Williams; H Nukada
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0306-3674     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  1994 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-22     Completed Date:  1994-11-22     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  96-100     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Exercise*
Female
Headache / classification,  etiology*,  physiopathology
Humans
Male
Sports*
Comments/Corrections

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