Document Detail

Spontaneous tracheal rupture caused by vomiting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20015755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To present a pediatric case of spontaneous tracheal rupture caused solely by vomiting and to discuss its diagnosis and management. STUDY DESIGN: Case presentation and literature review. RESULTS: A 14-year-old girl with a new diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus presented with respiratory distress. History was significant only for 4 days of violent vomiting, and she was diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis. Examination revealed tachypnea and considerable subcutaneous air overlying the upper chest and neck; chest x-ray showed pneumomediastinum. A swallow study showed no evidence of an esophageal tear. Computed tomography of the chest showed a posterior tracheal tear 4.5 cm distal to the cricoid cartilage. The patient's ketoacidosis was controlled, and supplemental oxygen was administered temporarily to promote absorption of the extravasated air. Serial chest x-rays showed complete resolution within 5 days and intubation was not required. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first reported pediatric case of tracheal rupture secondary to vomiting. Previous reports of spontaneous tracheal rupture have been related to paroxysmal coughing. In similar cases of subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum after retching, an esophageal rupture should be ruled out. Conservative management was successful in this case.
Matthew S Stevens; T Corbin Mullis; Jeffrey D Carron
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article     Date:  2009-05-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of otolaryngology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1532-818X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Otolaryngol     Publication Date:    2010 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-12     Completed Date:  2010-10-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000029     Medline TA:  Am J Otolaryngol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  276-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Otolaryngology and Communicative Sciences, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Diagnosis, Differential
Follow-Up Studies
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
Radiography, Thoracic
Rupture, Spontaneous
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Tracheal Diseases / etiology*,  radiography,  therapy
Vomiting / complications*

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