Document Detail

Spontaneous pneumothorax in a dog secondary to Dirofilaria immitis infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21088191     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
A 5-year-old female spayed Labrador Retriever dog was referred to the Louisiana State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for treatment of pneumothorax. Thoracic radiographs and computed tomography showed spontaneous pneumothorax, thoracic lymphadenopathy, pulmonary hypertension, and multifocal pulmonary bulla lesions. At surgery, numerous adult nematodes protruded from the parenchyma of the left caudal and accessory lung lobes and pulmonary arteries. On histopathology, multiple adult filarid nematodes were observed within the pulmonary blood vessels. Broad foci of necrosis of the pulmonary parenchyma were present. The tunica intima of the pulmonary arteries was markedly thickened by intimal fibrosis and medial hypertrophy. The final diagnosis was severe Dirofilaria immitis infection that resulted in pulmonary vascular lesions and focally extensive infarcts of the pulmonary parenchyma with bulla formation and rupture causing spontaneous pneumothorax. The dog received antibiotic and steroid therapy, as well as adulticide treatment, and recovered.
Cintia Oliveira; Nathalie Rademacher; Andrew David; Sunil Vasanjee; Lorrie Gaschen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1040-6387     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Diagn. Invest.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9011490     Medline TA:  J Vet Diagn Invest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  991-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61802, USA.
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