Document Detail

Spontaneous improvement of cervical alignment after correction of global sagittal balance following pedicle subtraction osteotomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22860879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Object Sagittal spinopelvic malalignment is a significant cause of pain and disability in patients with adult spinal deformity. Surgical correction of spinopelvic malalignment can result in compensatory changes in spinal alignment outside of the fused spinal segments. These compensatory changes, termed reciprocal changes, have been defined for thoracic and lumbar regions but not for the cervical spine. The object of this study was to evaluate postoperative reciprocal changes within the cervical spine following lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). Methods This was a multicenter retrospective radiographic analysis of patients from International Spine Study Group centers. Inclusion criteria were as follows: adults (>18 years old) with spinal deformity treated using lumbar PSO, a preoperative C7-S1 plumb line greater than 5 cm, and availability of pre- and postoperative full-length standing radiographs. Results Seventy-five patients (60 women, mean age 59 years) were included. The lumbar PSO significantly improved sagittal alignment, including the C7-S1 plumb line, C7-T12 inclination, and pelvic tilt (p <0.001). After lumbar PSO, reciprocal changes were seen to occur in C2-7 cervical lordosis (from 30.8° to 21.6°, p <0.001), C2-7 plumb line (from 27.0 mm to 22.9 mm), and T-1 slope (from -38.9° to -30.4°, p <0.001). Ideal correction of sagittal malalignment (postoperative sagittal vertical alignment < 50 mm) was associated with the greatest relaxation of cervical hyperlordosis (-12.4° vs -5.7°, p = 0.037). A change in cervical lordosis correlated with changes in T-1 slope (r = -0.621, p <0.001), C7-T12 inclination (r = 0.418, p <0.001), T12-S1 angle (r = -0.339, p = 0.005), and C7-S1 plumb line (r = 0.289, p = 0.018). Radiographic parameters that correlated with changes in cervical lordosis on multivariate linear regression analysis included change in T-1 slope and change in C2-7 plumb line (r(2) = 0.53, p <0.001). Conclusions Adults with positive sagittal spinopelvic malalignment compensate with abnormally increased cervical lordosis in an effort to maintain horizontal gaze. Surgical correction of sagittal malalignment results in improvement of the abnormal cervical hyperlordosis through reciprocal changes.
Justin S Smith; Christopher I Shaffrey; Virginie Lafage; Benjamin Blondel; Frank Schwab; Richard Hostin; Robert Hart; Brian O'Shaughnessy; Shay Bess; Serena S Hu; Vedat Deviren; Christopher P Ames;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery. Spine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1547-5646     ISO Abbreviation:  J Neurosurg Spine     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101223545     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg Spine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia;
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