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Spontaneous coronary artery dissection: case series with extended follow up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21297205     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is atherosclerotic or non-atherosclerotic in origin. Eosinophilic infiltrate is identified in coronary artery adventitia in non-atherosclerotic SCAD. We postulate that a systemic inflammatory state causes SCAD in younger women who do not have significant coronary artery disease risk factors. We report a case series of 13 patients presenting with SCAD from ages 26-48 with follow up from 1 month to 13 years. Most patients did not have conventional risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). Approximately 50% of the patients developed recurrent dissection within the first 2 weeks of an index event, but < 25% were symptomatic during follow up. All patients were alive at follow up. Systemic inflammatory state was observed in 80% of patients who developed early recurrent dissection. SCAD should be strongly suspected in younger women presenting with acute coronary syndrome without CAD risk factors. Coronary dissection may recur within first 2 weeks, but patients have good long-term survival without new episodes of dissection. Broad rheumatologic and connective tissue disease work-up should be considered in young females presenting with SCAD.
Authors:
Pranav Kansara; Susan Graham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of invasive cardiology     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1557-2501     ISO Abbreviation:  J Invasive Cardiol     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8917477     Medline TA:  J Invasive Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  76-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14221, USA. pkansara@buffalo.edu.
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