Document Detail


Spontaneous and agonist-induced 86Rb efflux from rabbit aortic smooth muscle cells in culture: a comparison with fresh tissue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6833409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Potassium efflux was measured in rabbit aortic strips and smooth muscle cells cultured from them by monitoring the release of isotope from preparations preloaded with 86Rb. The basal rate of 86Rb efflux from rabbit subcultured aortic smooth muscle cells was eightfold higher than from freshly isolated strips, but calculations of reuptake of isotope in the tissue indicated that the measured rate constant for efflux from aortic strips underestimated the true rate by about fourfold. The rate constant for efflux from freshly dispersed cells was less than half that of subcultured cells and remained unchanged for 5 days in culture. It then rose and by around day 10 had reached the value for subcultured cells. The increase in efflux coincided with the onset of cell division. The increased rate of efflux was accompanied by an increased rate of uptake so that the internal potassium content of the cells remained constant. Heparin decreased the efflux of 86Rb from subcultured cells to that of freshly isolated cells concomitant with a reduction in the rate of proliferation. The onset of cell division and increased basal efflux of potassium was associated with a loss of responsiveness to noradrenaline and histamine as assessed by monitoring 86Rb efflux, although depolarising solutions of potassium chloride were still able to elicit a response. Responsiveness to noradrenaline and histamine could be restored by the addition of heparin. These results suggest that the lack of responsiveness of subcultured cells is not due to irreversible dedifferentiation but to a reversible loss in proliferating cells of receptors for vasoactive agents or of a coupling mechanism between receptor occupation and ion gating.
Authors:
W Martin; J L Gordon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cellular physiology     Volume:  115     ISSN:  0021-9541     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cell. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1983 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-05-05     Completed Date:  1983-05-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0050222     Medline TA:  J Cell Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Aorta, Thoracic / metabolism
Cell Division / drug effects
Female
Histamine / pharmacology
Male
Mathematics
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / metabolism*
Norepinephrine / pharmacology
Potassium / metabolism
Rabbits
Rubidium / metabolism*
Swine
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-45-6/Histamine; 7440-09-7/Potassium; 7440-17-7/Rubidium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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