Document Detail


Spontaneous abortions after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident: a life table analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6859357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A study was conducted to determine whether the incidence of spontaneous abortion was greater than expected near the Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear power plant during the months following the March 28, 1979 accident. All persons living within five miles of TMI were registered shortly after the accident, and information on pregnancy at the time of the accident was collected. After one year, all pregnancy cases were followed up and outcomes ascertained. Using the life table method, it was found that, given pregnancies after four completed weeks of gestation counting from the first day of the last menstrual period, the estimated incidence of spontaneous abortion (miscarriage before completion of 16 weeks of gestation) was 15.1 per cent for women pregnant at the time of the TMI accident. Combining spontaneous abortions and stillbirths (delivery of a dead fetus after 16 weeks of gestation), the estimated incidence was 16.1 per cent for pregnancies after four completed weeks of gestation. Both incidences are comparable to baseline studies of fetal loss.
Authors:
M K Goldhaber; S L Staub; G K Tokuhata
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  1983 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-07-15     Completed Date:  1983-07-15     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  752-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology*,  etiology
Accidents*
Actuarial Analysis
Adolescent
Adult
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Nuclear Reactors*
Pennsylvania
Pregnancy
Stress, Psychological
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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