Document Detail

Spirulina and C-phycocyanin reduce cytotoxicity and inflammation-related genes expression of microglial cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22687570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the effects of Spirulina on BV-2 microglial cell cytotoxicity and inflammatory genes expression. METHODS: BV-2 microglial cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (1 µg/ml) and various concentrations of Spirulina platensis water extract or its active component (C-phycocyanin (C-PC)) for 24 hours. Cytotoxicity (lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release) and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNAs were assayed. RESULTS: LPS increased LDH production and up-regulated expression of iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-6 by BV-2 microglial cells. However, Spirulina platensis water extract and C-PC significantly reduced LPS-induced LDH release, and expression of iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α, and IL-6 mRNAs. CONCLUSION: Spirulina can reduce the cytotoxicity and inhibit expression of inflammation-related genes of LPS-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells.
Jin-Cherng Chen; Kris Sun Liu; Ting-Ju Yang; Juen-Haur Hwang; Yin-Ching Chan; I-Te Lee
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutritional neuroscience     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-8305     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100892202     Medline TA:  Nutr Neurosci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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