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Spirituality and life satisfaction in adults with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20603633     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Study design:This study was a cross-sectional, follow-up survey.Objectives:To examine the role of importance of religion and spiritual coping on life satisfaction in adults with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:This study was carried out in a specialty hospital system.Methods:Individuals who sustained an SCI before age 18 completed a structured telephone interview at ages 24-45. Demographic/medical questionnaires along with standardized measures were administered: Brief COPE, FIM, Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART), 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Satisfaction with Life (SWL) scales. Spirituality was measured with a question assessing importance of religion and using the spiritual coping domain of the Brief COPE.Results:A total of 298 individuals (62% men; 56% with tetraplegia) participated in this study. Approximately half (141) of the participants reported that religion is 'important to very important' to them and 55% (163) used spiritual coping. Importance of religion and spiritual coping was significantly associated with older age (P<0.01), longer duration of injury (P<0.01) and higher SWL (P<0.05). Importance of religion was also related to higher SF-12 mental component (P<0.05). Spiritual coping was negatively associated with motor independence (P<0.05) and CHART occupation (P<0.05). Moreover, spiritual coping emerged as a predictor of SWL, whereas importance of religion did not.Conclusion:Over half of the participants endorsed importance of religion and the use of spiritual coping. Spiritual coping, in particular, may serve a unique role in promoting SWL. Consequently, assessment of spirituality needs to become a standard part of care in the treatment of individuals with SCI and the use of spirituality-focused interventions to promote SWL should be explored.
Authors:
K M Chlan; K Zebracki; L C Vogel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-07-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Spinal cord : the official journal of the International Medical Society of Paraplegia     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1476-5624     ISO Abbreviation:  Spinal Cord     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9609749     Medline TA:  Spinal Cord     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  371-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Research, Shriners Hospitals for Children, Chicago, IL, USA.
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