Document Detail


Spinal subdural hematoma: a sequela of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12765819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: A case of spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) because of a ruptured internal carotid aneurysm is described. Such a case has never been reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 52-year-old woman underwent a craniotomy for a ruptured internal carotid aneurysm. A computed tomography scan showed that SAH existed predominantly in the posterior fossa and subdural hematoma beneath the cerebellar tentorium. Intrathecal administration of urokinase, IV administration of fasudil hydrochloride, and continuous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evacuation via cisternal drainage were performed as prophylactic treatments for vasospasm. On the sixth postoperative day, the patient complained of severe lower back and buttock pain. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a subdural hematoma in the lumbosacral region. Although the mass effect was extensive, the patient showed no neurologic symptoms other than the sciatica. She was treated conservatively. The hematoma dissolved gradually and had diminished completely 15 weeks later. Her pain gradually subsided, and she was discharged 7 weeks later without any neurologic deficit. CONCLUSION: Although the exact mechanism of SSDH in this case is unclear, we speculate that this SSDH was a hematoma that migrated from the intracranial subdural space. Low CSF pressure because of continuous drainage and intrathecal thrombolytic therapy may have played an important role in the migration of the hematoma through the spinal canal. It is important to recognize the SSDH as a possible complication of the SAH accompanied with intracranial subdural hematoma.
Authors:
Satoshi Yamaguchi; Kazutoshi Hida; Minoru Akino; Shunsuke Yano; Yoshinobu Iwasaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical neurology     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0090-3019     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Neurol     Publication Date:  2003 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-05-26     Completed Date:  2003-06-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367070     Medline TA:  Surg Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  408-12; discussion 412     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurosurgery, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aneurysm, Ruptured / complications*,  surgery
Carotid Artery, Internal / pathology*
Craniotomy
Female
Hematoma, Subdural / etiology*,  pathology
Humans
Intracranial Aneurysm / complications*,  surgery
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Middle Aged
Rupture, Spontaneous
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / complications*,  etiology
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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