Document Detail

Spinal-flexibility-plus-aerobic versus aerobic-only training: effect of a randomized clinical trial on function in at-risk older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10462164     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: As exercise is associated with favorable health outcomes, impaired older adults may benefit from specialized exercise interventions to achieve gains in function. The purpose of this study was to determine the added benefit of a spinal flexibility-plus-aerobic exercise intervention versus aerobic-only exercise on function among community-dwelling elders. METHODS: We employed a randomized clinical trial consisting of 3 months of supervised exercise followed by 6 months of home-based exercise with telephone follow-up. A total of 210 impaired males and females over age 64 enrolled in this study. Of these, 134 were randomly assigned to either spinal flexibility-plus-aerobic exercise or aerobic-only exercise, with 116 individuals completing the study. Primary outcomes obtained at baseline, after 3 months of supervised exercise, and after 6 months of home-based exercise included: axial rotation, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max); functional reach, timed-bed-mobility; and the Physical Function Scale (PhysFunction) of the Medical Outcomes Study SF-36. RESULTS: Differences between the two interventions were minimal. Overall change scores for both groups combined indicated significant improvement for: axial rotation (p=.001), VO2max (p=.0001), and PhysFunction (p=.0016). Secondary improvements were noted for overall health (p=.0025) and reduced symptoms (p=.0008). Differences between groups were significant only for VO2max (p=.0014) at 3 months with the aerobic-only group improving twice as much in aerobic capacity as the spinal flexibility-plus-aerobic group. Repeated measures indicated both groups improved during the supervised portion of the intervention but tended to return toward baseline following the home-based portion of the trial. CONCLUSIONS: Gains in physical functioning and perceived overall health are obtained with moderate aerobic exercise. No differential improvements were noted for the spinal flexibility-plus-aerobic intervention.
M C Morey; M Schenkman; S A Studenski; J M Chandler; G M Crowley; R J Sullivan; C F Pieper; M E Doyle; M B Higginbotham; R D Horner; H MacAller; C M Puglisi; K G Morris; M Weinberger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1079-5006     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-09-02     Completed Date:  1999-09-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502837     Medline TA:  J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  M335-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption
Spine / physiology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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