Document Detail


Spinal extension exercises prevent natural progression of kyphosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18661090     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The angle of kyphosis increases with age with the most rapid increase occurring between 50 and 60 years. The progression of kyphosis was prevented in women ages 50-59 years who performed extension exercises three times a week for one year. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to (1) measure the progression of the angle of kyphosis with age and (2) determine whether spinal extension exercises prevent progression of hyperkyphosis in women 50-59 years of age. METHOD: Part 1: Cross-sectional study of changes in posture with age, determined by measuring spinal curves in 250 women 30-79 years of age. Part 2: One-year prospective, descriptive analysis of the effect of extension exercises on posture in women 50-59 years of age. Depth of the cervical curve (CD), area under the thoracic curve (TA), and height were measured using a device developed at Kansas University Medical Center. Changes in CD and TA in women compliant with extension exercises were compared to those in non-compliant women. RESULTS: Kyphosis increases with age in healthy women, with the greatest difference observed between women 50 and 59 years of age. The progression of kyphosis was greater in women who did not perform extension exercises compared to those who performed extension exercises three times per week for 1 year. The difference in change in CD and TA between the two groups was highly significant (CD p = .0001, TA p = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Kyphosis increases with age in healthy women. In this study the greatest difference in the angle of kyphosis was observed between the fifth and sixth decade. Exercises which strengthen the extensor muscles of the spine can delay the progression of hyperkyphosis in the group included in this study, i.e., women 50-59 years of age.
Authors:
J M Ball; P Cagle; B E Johnson; C Lucasey; B P Lukert
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-07-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1433-2965     ISO Abbreviation:  Osteoporos Int     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-11     Completed Date:  2010-02-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100105     Medline TA:  Osteoporos Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  481-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Therapy Education, School of Allied Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas, KS, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aging
Case-Control Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disease Progression
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Female
Humans
Kansas
Kyphosis / prevention & control*
Middle Aged
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Posture / physiology*
Prospective Studies
Spine / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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