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Spinal ependymomas in neurofibromatosis Type 2: a retrospective analysis of 55 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21294614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Object The aim of this paper was to define the clinical characteristics of spinal ependymomas associated with neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2). Methods The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients with NF2 who had imaging findings consistent with ependymomas and were seen at Massachusetts General Hospital between 1994 and 2007. Clinical characteristics of these patients were obtained from hospital records, imaging studies, surgical reports, and pathology reports. Mutational analysis of the NF2 gene was performed in 37 of 44 unrelated patients. Results Fifty-five patients met inclusion criteria for the study. The median age at diagnosis of NF2 was 21 years; the median time after diagnosis until identification of ependymomas was 5 years. Multiple ependymomas were present in 58% of patients. The most common site of involvement was the cervical cord or cervicomedullary junction (86% of imaging studies), followed by the thoracic and lumbar cords (62% and 8%, respectively). The majority of patients had no symptoms related to their tumors (42 patients [76%]). After a median follow-up of 50 months, surgery was performed in 11 patients (20%) for symptomatic progression (indications for surgery). Mutational analysis of the NF2 gene detected alterations in 28 (76%) of 37 unrelated patients, with nonsense and frameshift mutations accounting for 64% of detected mutations. The high rate of truncating mutations may help explain the high tumor burden in these patients. Conclusions Neurofibromatosis Type 2-related ependymomas exhibit an indolent growth pattern with tumor progression limited to a minority of patients. The authors believe that surveillance is reasonable for asymptomatic ependymomas, including those with cystic areas that expand the cord. For symptomatic tumors, resection may be warranted depending on age, overall clinical status, and ease of resectability.
Authors:
Scott R Plotkin; Caroline C O'Donnell; William T Curry; Catherine M Bove; Mia Maccollin; Fabio P Nunes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery. Spine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1547-5646     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101223545     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg Spine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Departments of Neurology and Cancer Center and.
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