Document Detail

Spinal cord ischemia after cardiac arrest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7884198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Subsequent to cardiac arrest, a 58-year-old man with intractable dysrhythmia and severe arteriosclerosis developed flaccid paraplegia, depressed deep tendon reflexes, and showed no pain or temperature sensation caudal to Th-7 in spite of completely intact proprioception and vibration sensation. An echocardiogram showed no clots or vegetation on the prosthetic valve and no thrombus in the left atrium or left ventricle. The patient's paraplegia was permanent, at least through a follow-up period of 2 years. These findings suggest that the etiology was spinal cord ischemia due to blood supply in the area of the anterior spinal artery (ASA); however, magnetic resonance T2-weighted imaging demonstrated signal abnormalities throughout the gray matter and in the adjacent center white matter. Somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEP) measure neural transmission in the afferent spinal cord pathway, which is located in the lateral and posterior columns of the white matter; these showed a delay in latency between Th-6 and Th-7. The spinal cord is as vulnerable to transient ischemia as the brain. Spinal cord ischemia after cardiac arrest results from principal damage in the anterior horn of the gray matter, the so-called ASA syndrome; however, the pathways of SEP and pathogenesis of the spinal cord ischemia need further investigation.
H Imaizumi; Y Ujike; Y Asai; M Kaneko; S Chiba
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0736-4679     ISO Abbreviation:  J Emerg Med     Publication Date:    1994 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-04-12     Completed Date:  1995-04-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412174     Medline TA:  J Emerg Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  789-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Traumatology & Critical Care Medicine, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory
Heart Arrest / complications*,  physiopathology
Ischemia / etiology*,  physiopathology
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Middle Aged
Paraplegia / etiology*,  physiopathology
Spinal Cord / blood supply*,  pathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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