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Spina bifida: A diagnostic dilemma in paleopathology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20949487     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article provides information regarding the etiology, pathogenesis, and skeletal manifestation of spina bifida or spinal dysraphisms. On the basis of a review of the medical literature, it addresses discrepancies in documentation and interpretation of spina bifida in paleopathology. Furthermore, it offers suggestions for use of universal terminology and highlights the difficulties in the specific diagnosis of dysraphisms in skeletal remains. In addition, the necessity of examining the entire skeleton for abnormalities to distinguish simple delay/failure of fusion of the posterior neural arches from other occult spinal dysraphisms is emphasized, as it is the need for stratification of the sample by age and sex when reporting frequencies of sacral spina bifida occulta. Clin. Anat. 24:19-33, 2011. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Authors:
A Kumar; R Shane Tubbs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1098-2353     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Anat     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809128     Medline TA:  Clin Anat     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas. AKumar@walton.uark.edu.
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