Document Detail


Speech production changes under fluency-evoking conditions in nonstuttering speakers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8487517     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Changes in airflow and intraoral pressure between baseline and four fluency-evoking conditions--choral reading (CR), metronome pacing (MET), delayed auditory feedback (DAF), and masking noise (NOISE)--were studied in 12 American English nonstuttering speakers. The duration, amplitude, and velocity of airflow and intraoral pressure development during the initial plosive and the duration and intensity of the following vowel were measured in eight target CVC words. Speech rate was computed for each sentence. Comparisons between baseline and the corresponding production in each condition revealed significant changes in peak flow, pressure rise time, peak instantaneous pressure velocity, speech rate, intensity, and vowel duration. Vowel duration increased under DAF, MET, and NOISE conditions. Peak pressure and pressure velocity decreased during CR and MET and increased during NOISE, but did not change during DAF. Subjects were consistent in the variables they modified across conditions. Changes in the aerodynamic variables were not related to intensity or rate changes. Thus, nonstuttering speakers modify intraoral pressure and flow under fluency-evoking conditions.
Authors:
S V Stager; C L Ludlow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech and hearing research     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0022-4685     ISO Abbreviation:  J Speech Hear Res     Publication Date:  1993 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-06-07     Completed Date:  1993-06-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376336     Medline TA:  J Speech Hear Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  245-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Voice and Speech Section, VSLB, NIDCD, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Noise / adverse effects
Phonetics*
Pulmonary Ventilation
Speech*
Speech Production Measurement
Verbal Behavior

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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