Document Detail


Speech and pause characteristics in multiple sclerosis: A preliminary study of speakers with high and low neuropsychological test performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23294227     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This preliminary study investigated how cognitive-linguistic status in multiple sclerosis (MS) is reflected in two speech tasks (i.e. oral reading, narrative) that differ in cognitive-linguistic demand. Twenty individuals with MS were selected to comprise High and Low performance groups based on clinical tests of executive function and information processing speed and efficiency. Ten healthy controls were included for comparison. Speech samples were audio-recorded and measures of global speech timing were obtained. Results indicated predicted differences in global speech timing (i.e. speech rate and pause characteristics) for speech tasks differing in cognitive-linguistic demand, but the magnitude of these task-related differences was similar for all speaker groups. Findings suggest that assumptions concerning the cognitive-linguistic demands of reading aloud as compared to spontaneous speech may need to be re-considered for individuals with cognitive impairment. Qualitative trends suggest that additional studies investigating the association between cognitive-linguistic and speech motor variables in MS are warranted.
Authors:
Lynda Feenaughty; Kris Tjaden; Ralph H B Benedict; Bianca Weinstock-Guttman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical linguistics & phonetics     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1464-5076     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Linguist Phon     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802622     Medline TA:  Clin Linguist Phon     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  134-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Communicative Disorders and Sciences.
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