Document Detail


Speech intelligibility of children with cochlear implants, tactile aids, or hearing aids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8450658     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Speech intelligibility was measured in 31 children who used the 3M/House single-channel implant (n = 12), the Nucleus 22-Channel Cochlear Implant System (n = 15), or the Tactaid II + two-channel vibrotactile aid (n = 4). The subjects were divided into subgroups based on age at onset of deafness (early or late). The speech intelligibility of the experimental subjects was compared to that of children who were profoundly hearing impaired who used conventional hearing aids (n = 12) or no sensory aid (n = 2). The subjects with early onset of deafness who received their single- or multichannel cochlear implant before age 10 demonstrated the highest speech intelligibility, whereas subjects who did not receive their device until after age 10 had the poorest speech intelligibility. There was no obvious difference in the speech intelligibility scores of these subjects as a function of type of device (implant or tactile aid). On the average, the postimplant or tactile aid speech intelligibility of the subjects with early onset of deafness was similar to that of hearing aid users with hearing levels between 100 and 110 dB HL and limited hearing in the high frequencies. The speech intelligibility of subjects with late onset of deafness showed marked deterioration after the onset of deafness with relatively large improvements by most subjects after they received a single- or multichannel implant. The one subject with late onset of deafness who used a tactile aid showed no improvement in speech intelligibility.
Authors:
M J Osberger; M Maso; L K Sam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech and hearing research     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0022-4685     ISO Abbreviation:  J Speech Hear Res     Publication Date:  1993 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-04-12     Completed Date:  1993-04-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376336     Medline TA:  J Speech Hear Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-203     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Child
Child, Preschool
Cochlea / physiopathology*
Cochlear Implants*
Communication Disorders / etiology
Deafness / complications,  rehabilitation*
Female
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / complications,  physiopathology,  rehabilitation*
Humans
Male
Speech Intelligibility
Speech Perception
Speech Production Measurement
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DC00423/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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