Document Detail


Spectrum analysis of respiratory sounds in exercising horses with experimentally induced laryngeal hemiplegia or dorsal displacement of the soft palate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11341381     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To record respiratory sounds in exercising horses and determine whether spectrum analysis could be use to identify sounds specific for laryngeal hemiplegia (LH) and dorsal displacement of the soft palate (DDSP). ANIMALS: 5 Standardbred horses. PROCEDURE: Respiratory sounds were recorded and pharyngeal pressure and stride frequency were measured while horses exercised at speeds corresponding to maximum heart rate, before and after induction of LH and DDSP. RESULTS: When airway function was normal, expiratory sounds predominated and lasted throughout exhalation. After induction of LH, expiratory sounds were unaffected; however, all horses produced inspiratory sounds characterized by 3 frequency bands centered at approximately 0.3, 1.6, and 3.8 kHz. After induction of DDSP, inspiratory sounds were unaffected, but a broad-frequency expiratory sound, characterized by rapid periodicity (rattling) was heard throughout expiration. This sound was not consistently detected in all horses. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The technique used to record respiratory sounds was well tolerated by the horses, easy, and inexpensive. Spectrum analysis of respiratory sounds from exercising horses after experimental induction of LH or DDSP revealed unique sound patterns. If other conditions causing airway obstruction are also associated with unique sound patterns, spectrum analysis of respiratory sounds may prove to be useful in the diagnosis of airway abnormalities in horses.
Authors:
F J Derksen; S J Holcombe; W Hartmann; N E Robinson; J A Stick
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-08     Completed Date:  2001-10-11     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  659-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cross-Over Studies
Female
Hemiplegia / etiology,  physiopathology,  veterinary
Horses / physiology*
Larynx / physiology
Male
Palate, Soft / physiopathology*
Physical Conditioning, Animal / adverse effects,  physiology*
Respiratory Sounds / physiology,  veterinary*
Tape Recording
Vocal Cord Paralysis / etiology,  physiopathology,  veterinary*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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