Document Detail


Spectral loudness summation for short and long signals as a function of level.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16708949     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The equal-loudness-ratio hypothesis (ELRH) assumes that the loudness ratio between equal-level long and short signals with the same spectrum is independent of level and spectrum. Thus, it predicts the same amount of spectral loudness summation for equal-level short and long signals. To investigate how duration and level affect spectral loudness summation, loudness functions for 10- and 1000-ms bandpass-filtered noise centered at 2 kHz were obtained for normal-hearing listeners using categorical loudness scaling. The bandwidth was varied from 200 to 6400 Hz. From the loudness functions the level difference between the 3200-Hz-wide reference signal and the equally loud test signals was determined for reference levels in the range from 25 to 105 dB SPL. In addition, for two reference levels (45 and 65 dB SPL), this level difference was measured using a loudness-matching procedure. Both procedures showed similar results for the two reference levels. Over a wide level range spectral loudness summation is larger for the short than for the equal-level long signals. This is in contrast to the predictions of the ELRH. However, the data at moderate levels are consistent with the expectations of a modified ELRH which assumes a smaller loudness ratio for broadband than for narrow-band signals.
Authors:
Anne-Kristin Anweiler; Jesko L Verhey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  119     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-19     Completed Date:  2007-08-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2919-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
AG Neusorensorik, Institut für Physik, Fakultät 5, Carl von Ossietzky Universität, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Female
Humans
Loudness Perception / physiology*
Male
Models, Biological
Psychoacoustics*
Speech*
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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