Document Detail

Spectral characteristics of blink suppression in normal observers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7483301     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Previous studies of the characteristics of suppression occurring under various visual conditions show similarities and differences which may indicative of the mechanism of suppression. The primary purpose of this study was to determine if the suppression that occurs in response to an eyelid blink (blink suppression) is similar to that which occurs during a saccade (saccadic suppression). In addition, the characteristics of blink suppression and other forms of suppression (i.e. permanent and binocular rivalry suppression) are compared. A test probe paradigm was utilized to determine the effect of blink suppression on the spectral sensitivity function in three normal observers. Employing a two alternative forced choice technique, thresholds were determined for wavelengths from 420 to 680 nm in 20 nm steps. At each wavelength, the threshold was determined at 0 and 400 msec after the onset of a voluntary blink. The magnitude of suppression was taken as the difference between the 0 and 400 msec thresholds. Similar to saccadic suppression, the magnitude of blink suppression increased as the stimuli biased detection towards the luminance channel. These results suggest that blink suppression and saccadic suppression are the result of a single mechanism. Similarities between blink suppression and other forms of visual suppression are also considered.
W H Ridder; A Tomlinson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  1995 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-12     Completed Date:  1995-12-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2569-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Southern California College of Optometry, Fullerton 92631, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blinking / physiology*
Neural Inhibition
Perceptual Masking / physiology
Saccades / physiology*
Sensory Thresholds / physiology
Vision, Binocular / physiology

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