Document Detail


Specifying the role of function in infant categorization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20951437     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Research demonstrates that object functions facilitate artifact categorization in infancy. To explicate the nature and magnitude of this effect, 16-month-olds participated in three studies. In Experiment 1, categorization was facilitated more by object functions than by distinctive motions, suggesting that the motion properties of function cannot fully explain its influence. In Experiment 2, infants failed to categorize when each category exemplar performed a different function, thus revealing the importance of shared functionality in facilitating categorization. In Experiment 3, infants were tested after each new exemplar was introduced. When object functions were provided during training, infants were more likely to appropriately extend the novel categories on the very first trial. This suggests that function reduces the need for exposure to multiple exemplars in forming categories. Together, these findings confirm the conceptual nature of the facilitative effect of function on early categorization.
Authors:
Amy E Booth; Kathryn Schuler; Ruth Zajicek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2010-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-06     Completed Date:  2011-03-23     Revised Date:  2013-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  672-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Roxelyn and Richard Pepper Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60028, USA. a-booth@northwestern.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child Development* / physiology
Concept Formation / physiology*
Discrimination Learning / physiology*
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Motion Perception / physiology*
Neuropsychological Tests
Photic Stimulation / methods
Recognition (Psychology) / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD048759/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R03 HD048759-02/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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