Document Detail

Specificity of corneal nerve positions during embryogenesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11754335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Embryonic corneal innervation first involves pericorneal nerve ring formation, with nerves in specific positions, followed by innervation of the corneal stroma from the ring. Here we determine whether nerve bundles enter the cornea at specific locations along the ring and whether bundles enter the cornea at specific depths. METHODS: Whole mount embryonic quail corneas immunostained for nerves were scanned using confocal laser microscopy. Images were superimposed digitally in pseudo-colored pairs to detect similar positions of innervation, and then rotated stepwise to determine if degree of synchrony was decreased. Degrees of innervation of each corneal quadrant were quantified. Depths of stromal bundles innervating the cornea were determined by depth of focus analysis. RESULTS: Superimposition of images indicated many nerve entry points in similar locations, suggesting specificity. However, stepwise rotations of one image above the other revealed that degree of positional synchrony remained constant, suggesting that nerves do not occur in specific locations, but rather simply at approximately equal distances around the cornea. Corneas from both left and right sides are innervated by similar numbers of nerve bundles (Left, 44+/-0.4; Right, 44+/-1.0), with the same number/quadrant (Left, 11+/-0.2; Right, 11+/-0.2). Nerves entering the stroma closest to Descemet's layer innervate either the entire cornea along that radius or only the central-peripheral and central cornea; those entering nearer Bowman's layer innervate only peripheral cornea. CONCLUSIONS: Avian corneal nerve bundles enter along radii spaced at equal intervals along the pericorneal nerve ring, suggesting an innervation mechanism based on equal spacing between nerves. Nerve bundles from the nerve ring enter the stroma at depths correlated with their subsequent targets.
N C Riley; P Y Lwigale; G W Conrad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2001-12-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular vision     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1090-0535     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Vis.     Publication Date:  2001 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-26     Completed Date:  2002-01-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9605351     Medline TA:  Mol Vis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  297-304     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506-4901, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cornea / embryology*,  innervation*
Corneal Stroma / embryology,  innervation
Coturnix / embryology*
Embryo, Nonmammalian / anatomy & histology
Microscopy, Confocal
Nerve Fibers
Trigeminal Nerve / anatomy & histology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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