Document Detail

Specificity of cognitive biases in patients with current depression and remitted depression and in patients with asthma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19719897     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated a specific cognitive bias for sad stimuli in currently depressed patients; little is known, however, about whether this bias persists after recovery from the depressive episode. Depression is frequently observed in patients with asthma and is associated with a worse course of the disease. Given these high rates of co-morbidity, we could expect to observe a similar bias towards sad stimuli in patients with asthma.
METHOD: We therefore examined cognitive biases in memory and attention in 20 currently and 20 formerly depressed participants, 20 never-depressed patients diagnosed with asthma, and 20 healthy control participants. All participants completed three cognitive tasks: the self-referential encoding and incidental recall task, the emotion face dot-probe task and the emotional Stroop task.
RESULTS: Compared with healthy participants, currently and formerly depressed participants, but not patients with asthma, exhibited specific biases for sad stimuli.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that cognitive biases are evident in depression even after recovery from an acute episode but are not found in never-depressed patients with asthma.
A Fritzsche; B Dahme; I H Gotlib; J Joormann; H Magnussen; H Watz; D O Nutzinger; A von Leupoldt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-09-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological medicine     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1469-8978     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Med     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-18     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254142     Medline TA:  Psychol Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  815-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Asthma / psychology*
Depressive Disorder, Major / diagnosis,  psychology*
Mental Recall*
Middle Aged
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Personality Inventory
Reaction Time
Self Concept
Stroop Test*
Verbal Learning
Grant Support
R01 MH059259/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH059259-08/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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