Document Detail

Specific alcoholic beverage and blood pressure in a middle-aged Japanese population: the High-risk and Population Strategy for Occupational Health Promotion (HIPOP-OHP) Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14688805     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of popular Japanese alcoholic beverages on blood pressure. We performed a cross-sectional study on 4335 Japanese male workers using baseline data from an intervention study. We defined six groups according to the type of alcoholic beverage that provided two-thirds of the subject's total alcohol consumption: beer, sake (rice wine), shochu (traditional Japanese spirits), whiskey, wine and others. The partial regression coefficients of daily alcohol intake (1 drink=11.5 g of ethanol) to systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were 0.87(P<0.001, standard error (s.e.)=0.09) and 0.77(P<0.001, s.e.=0.06), respectively. A comparison among the types of alcoholic beverages mainly consumed revealed significant differences in SBP and DBP. Both SBP and DBP were highest in the shochu group. However, an analysis of covariance adjusting for total alcohol consumption resulted in the disappearance of these differences. Although after adjustment for total alcohol consumption, the shochu group exhibited a significant positive association with 'high-normal blood pressure or greater' (odds ratio 1.43, 95% confidence interval 1.06-1.95) compared with the beer group, this significant relation disappeared after adjusting for the body mass index (BMI), urinary sodium and potassium excretion. The pressor effect, per se, of popular Japanese alcoholic beverages on blood pressure may not be different among the types of alcoholic beverages after adjusting for other lifestyle factors.
T Okamura; T Tanaka; K Yoshita; N Chiba; T Takebayashi; Y Kikuchi; J Tamaki; U Tamura; J Minai; T Kadowaki; K Miura; H Nakagawa; S Tanihara; A Okayama; H Ueshima;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human hypertension     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0950-9240     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Hypertens     Publication Date:  2004 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-22     Completed Date:  2004-11-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8811625     Medline TA:  J Hum Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Journal of Human Hypertension (2004) 18, 9-16. doi:10.1038/sj.jhh.1001627
Department of Health Science, Shiga University of Medical Science, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*,  physiopathology
Alcoholic Beverages / statistics & numerical data
Beer / statistics & numerical data
Blood Pressure* / drug effects
Cross-Sectional Studies
Ethanol / adverse effects
Health Promotion*
Japan / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Occupational Health*
Odds Ratio
Risk Factors
Wine / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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