Document Detail


Species-genus ratios reflect a global history of diversification and range expansion in marine bivalves.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18270156     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The distribution of marine bivalve species among genera and higher taxa takes the form of the classic hollow curve, wherein few lineages are species rich and many are species poor. The distribution of species among genera (S/G ratio) varies with latitude, with temperate S/G's falling within the null expectation, and tropical and polar S/G's exceeding it. Here, we test several hypotheses for this polar overdominance in the species richness of small numbers of genera. We find a significant positive correlation between the latitudinal range of a genus and its species richness, both globally and within regions. Genus age and species richness are also positively related, but this relationship breaks down when the analysis is limited to genera endemic to climate zones or with narrow latitudinal ranges. The data suggest a link between speciation and range-expansion, with genera expanding out of the tropical latitudinal bins tending to speciate more prolifically, both globally and regionally. These genera contain more species within climate zones than taxa endemic to that zone. Range expansion thus appears to be fundamentally coupled with speciation, producing the skewed distribution of species among genera, both globally and regionally, whereas clade longevity is achieved through extinction -- resistance conferred by broad geographical ranges.
Authors:
Andrew Z Krug; David Jablonski; James W Valentine
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society     Volume:  275     ISSN:  0962-8452     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-01     Completed Date:  2008-10-28     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101245157     Medline TA:  Proc Biol Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1117-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. akrug@uchicago.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Biodiversity*
Bivalvia / genetics*
Ecosystem
Extinction, Biological
Genetic Speciation*
Genetic Variation*
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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