Document Detail

Specially selected music in the cardiac laboratory-an important tool for improvement of the wellbeing of patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15053885     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of a specially selected music sound environment on the feeling of wellbeing of adult, lightly sedated patients in a Cardiac Catheter Laboratory undergoing invasive procedures. METHOD: Patients (n=193) were randomly assigned to either a music group, who listened to music during the procedure (n=99) or to a non-music group (n=94). Immediately after the procedure all patients were interviewed by a questionnaire about their opinion of the sound environment in the room and about their feeling of wellbeing. RESULTS: In the music group 91% of the patients defined the sound environment as very pleasant/pleasant - compared to 56% in the non-music group. The number of patients with 'no opinion' on the sound environment was lower in the music group than in the non-music group (8% vs. 42%). In the non-music group only 34% of the patients would have liked to listen to music, if possible, whereas 82% of the patients in the music group were very pleased/pleased with the music. Both groups noticed basic sounds and noises with similar frequencies. In the music group 62% of the patients noticed the music spontaneously. Sixty-eight patients (68%) reported that music was of major positive importance to their feeling of wellbeing. These patients expressed that music made them feel less tense, more relaxed and safe. The results were not related to age, sex or procedure. CONCLUSION: Specially selected music had a positive effect on the wellbeing of patients and their opinion on the sound environment during invasive cardiac procedures. Based on the negative expectations and the positive experience of the patients with regard to music environment, we suggest that specially selected music should be a part of the sound environment in the Cardiac Catheter Laboratory.
Bitten Thorgaard; Birgitte Brøndsted Henriksen; Gunhild Pedersbaek; Inger Thomsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular nursing : journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1474-5151     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-31     Completed Date:  2004-06-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101128793     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  21-6     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Cardiac Laboratory, Heart Center Aalborg, Arhus University Hospital Hobrovej, 9000, Aalborg, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Attitude to Health*
Health Facility Environment / standards
Health Promotion
Heart Catheterization* / adverse effects,  psychology
Middle Aged
Music Therapy / methods,  standards*
Noise / adverse effects
Stress, Psychological* / etiology,  prevention & control
Treatment Outcome

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