Document Detail


Special needs of preterm infants in the management of pain and discomfort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8583277     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Most infants born preterm are admitted to hospital neonatal intensive care units, where they undergo repeated multiple diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that result in pain and discomfort. Although there is convincing evidence to support the preterm infant's neurologic capacity for pain, management of pain often is not optimal. Accurate and reliable assessment of the preterm infant's pain is an important prerequisite for effective pain management. Pain assessment is a challenge for health professionals because the preterm infant's responses are less vigorous, more variable, and less consistent than are the responses of term neonates and older infants. Few reliable and valid assessment measures exist for this age group. There also is uncertainty in implementing pain-relieving intervention because of inadequate information on their safety and effectiveness and preconceived attitudes and beliefs of health professionals. The special needs of preterm infants related to the assessment and management of pain are discussed.
Authors:
B J Stevens; L Franck
Related Documents :
3365007 - Parental diary of infant cry and fuss behaviour.
18378897 - Variation at the mu-opioid receptor gene (oprm1) influences attachment behavior in infa...
11924837 - The cross-modal coordination of interpersonal timing: six-week-olds infants' gaze with ...
354897 - Neonatal assessment procedures: a historical review.
24973627 - Biased generalization of newly learned phonological alternations by 12-month-old infants.
3415297 - Mineral accretion in the human fetus.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    1995 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-03-18     Completed Date:  1996-03-18     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  856-62     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Nursing University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analgesics / therapeutic use
Anesthetics / therapeutic use
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Nursing Assessment
Pain / nursing*,  therapy
Pain Measurement
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics; 0/Anesthetics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Issues of assessment of pain and discomfort in neonates.
Next Document:  Steady state and time-resolved fluorescence properties of metastatic and non-metastatic malignant ce...