Document Detail


Speakers' comfort and voice level variation in classrooms: Laboratory research.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22779474     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Teachers adjust their voice levels under different classroom acoustics conditions, even in the absence of background noise. Laboratory experiments have been conducted in order to understand further this relationship and to determine optimum room acoustic conditions for speaking. Under simulated acoustic environments, talkers do modify their voice levels linearly with the measure voice support, and the slope of this relationship is referred to as room effect. The magnitude of the room effect depends highly on the instruction used and on the individuals. Group-wise, the average room effect ranges from -0.93 dB/dB, with free speech, to -0.1 dB/dB with other less demanding communication tasks as reading and talking at short distances. The room effect for some individuals can be as strong as -1.7 dB/dB. A questionnaire investigation showed that the acoustic comfort for talking in classrooms, in the absence of background noise, is correlated to the decay times derived from an impulse response measured from the mouth to the ears of a talker, and that there is a maximum of preference for decay times between 0.4 and 0.5 s. Teachers with self-reported voice problems prefer higher decay times to speak in than their healthy colleagues.
Authors:
David Pelegrín-García; Jonas Brunskog
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  132     ISSN:  1520-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  249-260     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Acoustics and Thermal Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee BE-3001, Belgium.
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