Document Detail

Spatial trends of perfluoroalkyl compounds in ringed seals (Phoca hispida) from the Canadian Arctic.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17988182     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study examined spatial trends of perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) in liver samples from 11 populations of ringed seals (Phoca hispida) in the Canadian Arctic from 2002 to 2005. Trophic position and relative carbon sources were compared by analyzing stable nitrogen and carbon isotopes in muscle samples. Geometric mean concentrations of total C9-C15 perfluorinated carboxylates (PFCAs) ranged from 8.8 to 84 ng/g wet weight, and C9-C11 PFCAs predominated. Perfluorooctane sulfonate was the dominant PFC measured, with concentrations ranging from 6.5 to 89 ng/g wet weight, contributing between 29 and 56% of the total PFC concentration. Overall, mean PFC concentrations were similar between populations, and differences were attributed largely to elevated levels in the Gjoa Haven (Rae Strait, central Canadian Arctic archipelago) and Inukjuak populations (eastern Hudson Bay) and to lower concentrations at Pangnirtung (Cumberland Sound, Baffin Island). Mean stable nitrogen isotope ratios (+/-95% confidence intervals) ranged from 14.7 per thousand (+/-0.3 per thousand) at Nain (Labrador) to 17.9 per thousand (+/-0.7 per thousand) at Gjoa Haven, suggesting that all populations were within the same trophic level. Stable carbon isotope ratios varied widely between the seal populations, ranging from -22.9 per thousand (+/-0.2 per thousand) at Gjoa Haven to -17.7 per thousand (+/-0.4 per thousand) at Nain. The delta13C ratios from Gjoa Haven were significantly more depleted than those for other populations and may suggest a terrestrially based carbon source. The depleted stable carbon isotope ratio may explain the elevated PFC concentrations in the Gjoa Haven population. Analysis of covariance indicated that delta13C was a significant covariable for seven of nine seal populations for which delta13C values were available. After adjusting for delta13C values, concentrations of most PFCs generally were statistically greater in the Grise Fiord, Qikiqtarjuaq, Arviat, and Nain populations.
Craig M Butt; Scott A Mabury; Michael Kwan; Xiaowa Wang; Derek C G Muir
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental toxicology and chemistry / SETAC     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0730-7268     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Toxicol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-02     Completed Date:  2008-10-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8308958     Medline TA:  Environ Toxicol Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  542-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Arctic Regions
Carbon Isotopes
Environmental Monitoring
Environmental Pollutants / analysis*,  metabolism
Fluorocarbons / analysis*
Liver / chemistry
Nitrogen Isotopes
Phoca / metabolism*
Sex Characteristics
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbon Isotopes; 0/Environmental Pollutants; 0/Fluorocarbons; 0/Nitrogen Isotopes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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