Document Detail

Spatial and temporal patterns of growth and differentiation of cone oil droplets in the chick retina.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15605374     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Avian cone photoreceptors have an oil droplet in the outer portion of their inner segment that acts as a long-pass cut-off filter between incident light and visual pigment. Chick cone droplets are mainly red, orange, yellow, green, and colorless, and the colors are due to three carotenoid pigments with characteristic absorption spectra. Little is known of the differentiation of this organelle, the natural marker of cones, and the little that is known is largely controversial. We used flat whole-mounts of fresh retinas to study the time and place of the appearance of droplets, their growth rates, the sequence of droplet color differentiation, and the spatial distribution of these colors. We show that droplet differentiation starts on embryonic Day 10 (E10) in a relatively small area above the optic nerve head. The differentiation spreads to the rest of the retina in a manner similar to that of photoreceptor neurogenesis, with three decreasing gradients of droplet size and color between E13-E20: from central to peripheral, dorsal to ventral, and temporal to nasal. The rate of growth of the droplets was not constant, but showed a maximum between E17 and postnatal Day 1 (P1) in most of the retinal zones. Color differentiation started at E16-E17, 5-6 days after their appearance, when the droplets were already of considerable size. Initially, all droplets were colorless, and then turned pale green or yellow to acquire progressively the mature colors. Differentiation ended in the whole retina by P15, with ventral droplets of larger diameter than dorsal ones, the peripheral ones generally larger than the central ones, and with the color distribution varying with the retinal area. Our results show that growth and color differentiation of the droplets is regulated temporally and spatially, and the cones complete differentiation at P15 rather than at prenatal stages, as is thought generally.
Rosario López; Meritxell López-Gallardo; Ignacio Busturia; Lyazed Anezary; Carmen Prada
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuroscience research     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0360-4012     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosci. Res.     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-18     Completed Date:  2005-06-10     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600111     Medline TA:  J Neurosci Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  401-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Differentiation / physiology*
Chick Embryo
Color Perception / physiology
Cytoplasm / physiology*,  ultrastructure
Neural Pathways / physiology
Oils / metabolism*
Retina / cytology,  embryology*,  physiology
Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells / cytology,  metabolism,  physiology*
Time Factors
Vision, Ocular / physiology
Visual Fields / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:

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