Document Detail


Spatial-temporal coherence of acoustic signals propagating in a refractive, turbulent atmosphere.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25373944     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Propagation of acoustic signals above an impedance ground in a refractive, turbulent atmosphere with spatial-temporal fluctuations in temperature and wind velocity is considered. Starting from a parabolic equation, and using the Markov approximation and a locally frozen turbulence hypothesis, closed-form equations for the spatial-temporal statistical moments of arbitrary order of the sound-pressure field are derived. The general theory provides a basis for analysis of many statistical characteristics of broadband and narrowband acoustic signals for different geometries of propagation: line-of-sight propagation, multipath propagation in a refractive atmosphere above an impedance ground, and sound scattering into a refractive shadow zone. As an example of application of this theory, the spatial-temporal coherence of narrowband acoustic signals for line-of-sight propagation is calculated and analyzed. The coherence time of acoustic signals is studied numerically for meteorological conditions ranging from cloudy to sunny conditions, and with light, moderate, and strong wind. The results obtained are compared with available experimental data.
Authors:
Vladimir E Ostashev; D Keith Wilson; Sergey N Vecherin; Sandra L Collier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  136     ISSN:  1520-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2414     Citation Subset:  IM    
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