Document Detail

Spatial orientation of the angular vestibulo-ocular reflex (aVOR) after semicircular canal plugging and canal nerve section.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21340443     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We investigated spatial responses of the aVOR to small and large accelerations in six canal-plugged and lateral canal nerve-sectioned monkeys. The aim was to determine whether there was spatial adaptation after partial and complete loss of all inputs in a canal plane. Impulses of torques generated head thrusts of ≈ 3,000°/s². Smaller accelerations of ≈ 300°/s² initiated the steps of velocity (60°/s). Animals were rotated about a spatial vertical axis while upright (0°) or statically tilted fore-aft up to ± 90°. Temporal aVOR yaw and roll gains were computed at every head orientation and were fit with a sinusoid to obtain the spatial gains and phases. Spatial gains peaked at ≈ 0° for yaw and ≈ 90° for roll in normal animals. After bilateral lateral canal nerve section, the spatial yaw and roll gains peaked when animals were tilted back ≈ 50°, to bring the intact vertical canals in the plane of rotation. Yaw and roll gains were identical in the lateral canal nerve-sectioned monkeys tested with both low- and high-acceleration stimuli. The responses were close to normal for high-acceleration thrusts in canal-plugged animals, but were significantly reduced when these animals were given step stimuli. Thus, high accelerations adequately activated the plugged canals, whereas yaw and roll spatial aVOR gains were produced only by the intact vertical canals after total loss of lateral canal input. We conclude that there is no spatial adaptation of the aVOR even after complete loss of specific semicircular canal input.
Sergei B Yakushin; Mingjia Dai; Theodore Raphan; Jun-Ichi Suzuki; Yasuko Arai; Bernard Cohen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-02-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  210     ISSN:  1432-1106     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-13     Completed Date:  2011-08-04     Revised Date:  2014-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  583-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological / physiology*
Eye Movements / physiology
Functional Laterality / physiology
Macaca fascicularis
Models, Biological
Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular / physiology*
Semicircular Canals / physiology*,  surgery
Space Perception / physiology*
Vestibular Nerve / physiology*,  surgery
Grant Support
DC04996/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; DC05204/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; EY01867/EY/NEI NIH HHS; EY04148/EY/NEI NIH HHS; EY11812/EY/NEI NIH HHS; P30 DC005204/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P30 DC005204-10/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P30 EY001867/EY/NEI NIH HHS; P30 EY001867-31/EY/NEI NIH HHS; R01 DC004996/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R01 DC004996-09/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R01 DC004996-10/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R01 EY004148-24/EY/NEI NIH HHS; R01 EY011812/EY/NEI NIH HHS; R01 EY011812-52/EY/NEI NIH HHS

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