Document Detail

Spatial disparities in the distribution of parks and green spaces in the USA.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23334758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Little national evidence is available on spatial disparities in distributions of parks and green spaces in the USA.
PURPOSE: This study examines ecological associations of spatial access to parks and green spaces with percentages of black, Hispanic, and low-income residents across the urban-rural continuum in the conterminous USA.
METHODS: Census tract-level park and green space data were linked with data from the 2010 U.S. Census and 2006-2010 American Community Surveys. Linear mixed regression models were performed to examine these associations.
RESULTS: Poverty levels were negatively associated with distances to parks and percentages of green spaces in urban/suburban areas while positively associated in rural areas. Percentages of blacks and Hispanics were in general negatively linked to distances to parks and green space coverage along the urban-rural spectrum.
CONCLUSIONS: Place-based race-ethnicity and poverty are important correlates of spatial access to parks and green spaces, but the associations vary across the urbanization levels.
Ming Wen; Xingyou Zhang; Carmen D Harris; James B Holt; Janet B Croft
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine     Volume:  45 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1532-4796     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Behav Med     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-05     Completed Date:  2014-02-03     Revised Date:  2014-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510246     Medline TA:  Ann Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S18-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
African Americans
Data Collection
Hispanic Americans
Linear Models
Poverty / statistics & numerical data
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
Rural Population / statistics & numerical data
United States
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
R01 CA140319/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01CA140319-01A1/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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