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Sources of tissue factor that contribute to thrombosis after rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22444158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hyperlipidemia leads to the formation of oxidized LDL (oxLDL), vessel dysfunction, atherosclerotic disease, and ultimately to plaque rupture and thrombosis. OxLDL induces tissue factor (TF) expression in various cell types, including monocytes and macrophages. High levels of TF are present in atherosclerotic plaques and this represents that major source of TF that triggers thrombosis after plaque rupture. In addition, increased levels of "circulating TF" are observed in hyperlipidemic animals and patients. This is due to induced TF expression in monocytes and release of monocyte-derived, TF(+) microparticles, which represents a minor source of TF that likely contributes to thrombosis after plaques rupture. This review will summarize the connections between hyperlipidemia and TF expression within atherosclerotic plaques and circulating monocytes, as well as its inhibition by statins.
Authors:
A Phillip Owens; Nigel Mackman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Thrombosis research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-2472     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0326377     Medline TA:  Thromb Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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