Document Detail

Sources of Dietary Fiber and the Association of Fiber Intake with Childhood Obesity Risk (in 2-18 Year Olds) and Diabetes Risk of Adolescents 12-18 Year Olds: NHANES 2003-2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22957219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Increased fiber intake has been linked with lower risk of overweight and obesity in adults, but data are sparse for children. To address this issue, NHANES 2003-2006 data was used to evaluate (1) the food sources of fiber in children, (2) the dietary fiber density levels and risk of being classified as overweight/obese, and (3) the association between fiber intake level and impaired glucose metabolism in children. Analyses were restricted to the subsample of children with biological plausible diet reports (N = 4,667) and stratified by 2-11 year olds (n = 2072) and 12-18 year olds (n = 2595). Results showed that the food sources are predominantly foods that are low in dietary fiber, but are consumed at high levels. In 2-18 year old plausible reporters, the risk for overweight/obesity decreased by 17% from children in the medium tertile of fiber density intake compared to the lowest tertile (OR = 0.83, P value = 0.043) and by 21% between the highest compared to the lowest tertile (OR = 0.79, P value = 0.031). There was a protective effect of being in the medium tertile of dietary fiber density (OR = 0.68, P value <0.001) on impaired glucose metabolism. These results indicate a beneficial effect of higher fiber density in children's diets.
Mary Brauchla; Wenyen Juan; Jon Story; Sibylle Kranz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-08-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition and metabolism     Volume:  2012     ISSN:  2090-0732     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Metab     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-07     Completed Date:  2012-09-10     Revised Date:  2013-03-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101526296     Medline TA:  J Nutr Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  736258     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, 204 Stone Hall, 700 W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
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