Document Detail


Source attribution of human salmonellosis using a meta-analysis of case-control studies of sporadic infections.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22152439     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
SUMMARYSalmonella is an important cause of human illness. Disease is frequently associated with foodborne transmission, but other routes of exposure are recognized. Identifying sources of disease is essential for prioritizing public health interventions. Numerous case-control studies of sporadic salmonellosis have been published, often using different methodologies and settings. Systematic reviews consist of a formal process for literature review focused on a research question. With the objective of identifying the most important risk factors for salmonellosis, we performed a systematic review of case-control studies and a meta-analysis of obtained results. Thirty-five Salmonella case-control studies were identified. In the meta-analysis, heterogeneity between studies and possible sources of bias were investigated, and pooled odds ratios estimated. Results suggested that travel, predisposing factors, eating raw eggs, and eating in restaurants were the most important risk factors for salmonellosis. Sub-analyses by serotype were performed when enough studies were available.
Authors:
A R Domingues; S M Pires; T Halasa; T Hald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology and infection     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-4409     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703737     Medline TA:  Epidemiol Infect     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-11     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, Denmark.
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